The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era

Hugh Davis Graham Nancy Diamond


The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era

The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era

  • Title: The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era
  • Author: Hugh Davis Graham Nancy Diamond
  • ISBN: 9780801854255
  • Page: 366
  • Format: Hardcover



Before the Second World War, few universities in the United States had earned high respect among the international community of scholars and scientists Since 1945, however, the distinctive attributes of American higher education decentralized administration, pluralistic and research minded faculties, and intense competition for government funding have become world standarBefore the Second World War, few universities in the United States had earned high respect among the international community of scholars and scientists Since 1945, however, the distinctive attributes of American higher education decentralized administration, pluralistic and research minded faculties, and intense competition for government funding have become world standard Whether measured by Nobel and other prizes, international applications for student admissions and faculty appointments, or the results of academic surveys, America s top research universities are the best in the world.The Rise of American Research Universities provides a fresh historical interpretation of their ascendancy and a fresh, comprehensive estimate of their scholarly achievement Hugh Davis Graham and Nancy Diamond question traditional methods of rating the reputation and performance of universities they offer instead an empirical analysis of faculty productivity based on research grants received, published research, and peer approval of that work Comparing the research achievements of faculty at than 200 institutions, they differ with most studies of higher education in measuring performance in every academic field from medicine to humanities and in analyzing data on research activity in terms of institutional size.In this important and timely work, Graham and Diamond reassess the success of American universities as research institutions and the role of public funding in their developmentfrom the expansionist golden years of the 1950s and 60s, through the austerity measures of the 1970s and the entrepreneurial ethos of the 1980s, to the budget crises universities face in the 1990s.


Recent Comments "The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era"

“[T]he unplanned evolution of higher education in the United States had produced a loose, sprawling, largely unregulated system that was decentralized, pluralistic, competitive, and vast. The system’s manifest deficiencies [included] the large number and uneven quality of American colleges.” (24)"The golden age in federal funding of academic research was the post-Sputnik decade, 1958-68." (47)"Between 1965, when Congress added the arts and humanities to the portfolio of federal funding, an [...]

Not easily read cover-to-cover, but for anyone interested in research and able to decipher and interpret a lot of statistics, this was illuminating. By breaking down research universities into categories and comparing levels of productivity the authors give a cursory glimpse of the most efficient research universities with some explanations for how this is likely accomplished. I see a lot of holes in the argument, but it was really interesting.

Really one of the most illuminating books on how the US research university has been configured.


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    Published :2018-06-24T19:44:04+00:00